Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase electric motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect generated by the stator does not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is available, a design mechanism is included to begin the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only one main chain sprocket winding no begin winding. This configuration causes a shift of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications include supporters and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start motor)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small fans, and blowers.
The most common single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It really is a modified split-stage engine with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. Application include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase motor because no centrifugal starting switch is necessary. Applications include enthusiasts and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.